- Plans & Pricing
It's very easy to take well-designed things for granted. When products or processes or entire systems function hassle-free, few consider the enormous effort that went into making them.
On the other hand, poorly-designed things are a vastly different story. Rather than escape notice, they stand out because of the frustration, inconvenience, and/or waste they inevitably produce.
A warehouse layout is no different. Those that are carefully considered will quietly enable efficient operations. Those that aren’t will be rife with glaring problems.
At SkuNexus, we know that each eCommerce merchant has its own specific needs to address in setting up a warehouse. If you are thinking about designing yours, it is best to get familiar with the fundamental elements and principles involved. Here, we will present a brief introduction to optimizing warehouse layout design.
Before we get into things like pallet racks and traffic flow, let’s quickly touch on the benefits. As the core of a merchant’s backend, the upside of a well-constructed warehouse layout can be felt throughout the entire business.
Being that they are designed 100% for utility, modern warehouses do not come in a vast array of shapes. There are 3 basic formats for the shaped warehouse and each has certain attributes that can make it the best option depending on your specific business.
As with any process, the key to success starts with a plan. Regardless of shifting tides and changing variables, a well-constructed, yet flexible, design plan is the best place to begin.
Step One: Operations Analysis (Form follows function)
The type of warehouse you choose, and how the warehouse floor is configured, will be determined by the totality of your processes. To that end, you must assess every single warehouse operation, piece of equipment, the number of employees, et al. This critical analysis will yield insights and give clarity to issues from the earliest stage.
Step Two: Make a Detailed Map/Diagram
Warehouse mapping software is extremely useful for this. By allowing the user to drag and drop elements into the schematic, it can provide a range of floor plan ideas. There is a caveat, however. Accurate measurements of actual dimensions are necessary - mistakes here will only lead to headaches down the road. Also, do not forget to take into account secondary elements like vertical beams or bathrooms. These must be accounted for.
Step Three: Space Optimization
It’s time for some math. Here, you’re going to need to calculate multiple things: total square footage as well as vertical space available and subtract total space used for non-storage (offices, bathrooms).
Once you know how much space you have to work with, you can begin configuring things like the dynamic (and static) storage area, order picking area, warehouse packing area, and all the other elements of warehouse logistics. Thought must also be given here to workflows, traffic, spatial issues, types and sizes of machinery (forklifts, carts), etc.
Step Four: Equipment Selection
A variety of options exist when it comes to warehouse equipment, and these decisions will be informed by the types, sizes, and weights of your products. They can range from heavy-duty pallet racks down to small bins. The key is knowing what you need and not wasting space and money on storage equipment that is excessive.
Step Five: Modeling the Flow
Considering the time, energy, and resources being devoted to this warehouse, a merchant needs to leave nothing up to guesswork. Now that spatial needs, workstation sizes, and equipment types have been sorted out, it’s time to consider actual scenarios and how they would play out on the warehouse floor.
By thinking about where employees will concentrate, how much time will be spent performing different tasks, where accessory items should be kept for ease of access, etc., you can fine-tune the warehouse before the first shelf has been installed.
Step Six: The Dry Run
Now that the layout has been configured and modeled, it’s time to give it a test. The beauty of this, still is that nothing has been installed and everything is still negotiable.
Effectively, what this step entails is a mockup of the proposed model on the physical floor itself. By marking and delineating the main areas to be used for storage, fulfillment processes, kitting and assembly, etc., you (and your employees) can then test your plan.
This can involve any number of actions to gauge if proposed spaces are adequate or perhaps too big (or small). Carrying items might also help determine whether suggested distances between A and B (e.g., storage shelving/picking and packing) are in fact too far apart, etc.
At SkuNexus, we design software to help eCommerce merchants with all facets of warehouse management. Our experts will consult and assist you with any element of layout, design, workflows, et al.
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